Strengthening Capacities for Implementation of the EU Water Framework Directive in Montenegro

Project Tasks and Activities

In 2014, MARD prepared draft amendments of the Water Act. The purpose of these amendments was to fully transpose the WFD into Montenegrin legislation. The amended Water Act (Official Gazette of Montenegro (“OG of MNE”), no. 48/15), compliant with the WFD, is adopted in Parliament.

For the harmonisation of water management in Montenegro with EU standards (WFD and all other acquis requirements) the following steps are necessary in the period 2014 -2018:

  • Strengthening the capacity of the Water Directorate within MARD and other relevant authorities for implementation of the WFD
  • Adopt necessary by-laws and other acts necessary for the implementation of the Water Act
  • To consider the river basin as the basic unit of integrated water resources management - in accordance with the WFD
  • Include a spatial component to the database through geographic information system (GIS)
  • Have clearly defined water bodies and their characterization in accordance with WFD
  • Provide a form of data gathering and recording in accordance with EU guidelines to facilitate data exchange
  • Ensure that the reporting data is compatible with the requirements and format of the River Commissions and EC
  • Ensure public participation as defined in WFD Article 14 "Initial Characterisation and Analysis of River Basin Districts"
  • In accordance with the requirements of WFD Article 5 and allowing the fulfilment of the requirements on monitoring of surface water status, groundwater status and protected areas under Article 8 of WFD is a precondition for further phases of implementation of the directive implementation in Montenegro.
  • Definition of Environmental objectives as set out in Article 4 is also a pre-condition.
The completion of the initial characterisation and analysis task and the definition of environmental objectives will provide the baseline necessary to begin with the next phase of the process of river basin management aimed to achieve good status for all waters. Once these tasks are completed it will provide an analysis of the characteristics of river basin districts, a review of the impact of human activity on the status of waters and economic analysis of water use in accordance with the requirements of Article 5 of the Directive. It will also provide an input on the definition and setting of the monitoring systems.

As defined in Annex II of the WFD, for each surface water category, the relevant surface water bodies within the river basin district shall be differentiated according to type. These types are those defined using either system A or system B. Member States shall identify the location and boundaries of bodies of surface water and attached groundwater bodies and shall carry out an initial characterisation of all such bodies.
The project tasks and activities, as per the ToR are as follows:
  • Task 1: Characterization and Analysis of River Basin Districts in Montenegro
    • Activity 1.1: Analysis of river basin district characteristics
      This activity is composed of three sub-activities:

      • Collecting existing data and development of spatial data layers required for water body delineation,
      • Determining the water body status and hydromorphological conditions according the principles of the WFD through fieldwork, and
      • Setting up a GIS database.
      Considering the scope of the work required to delineate the water bodies of a river basin, the use of a GIS is as logical choice for automatizing the process for delineation of both surface and groundwater bodies.

      For each surface water category, the relevant surface water bodies within the river basin will be differentiated according to type using System A, which differentiates surface water bodies according to altitude, size and geology.

      To undertake this process, the following basic spatial data layers are required for classification of the water body types:

      • Map of Ecoregions in vector format (polygons).
      • Digital Terrain Model (DTM) and Digital Elevation Model (DEM) in raster format to determine the boundaries of the catchment required for typology according to the size and to determine the typology according to the altitude.
      • Surface waters (rivers-watercourse, lakes, coastal and transitional waters) in vector format (digitised from the topographic map in minimum scale 1:25000; rivers presented as lines and lakes as polygons).
      • Geological map in vector format (polygon).
      • The typology of water bodies according to System A will be calculated in the following manner for delineation of the watercourse with catchments of over 10 km2:
      • For each segment of the river, based on the DEM, the immediate basin (catchment) will be assigned. The next step is to determine the slope direction at each pixel, i.e. the “aspect” of the terrain and determine the “flow accumulation”, which is the number of up-gradient pixels that slope toward each point in the DEM grid, and points that represents the outlet of the catchment. The total surface area of the river basin is calculated as the sum of its immediate basin (sub-basin) and immediate basins of all ascending segments of the watercourse and its tributaries. Based on this, the area of ​​the associated catchment, sub-basin and basins for all watercourse segments is defined and classified as small, medium, large and very large.
      • The typology based on altitude will be determined based on the height of the centre of the individual water segment extracted from the DTM.
      • For each type of watercourse, according to geological features, a geologically dominant class (limestone, silicon rock or organic soil) from the point of ecological impact on the aquatic entity will be assigned.
      In order to identify the reference conditions for each water body type, as required by the WFD, the project activities will be subsequently focused on two field based assessment studies that will provide the information required (i) to assess the ecological status of the water bodies, thereby identifying reference conditions, and (ii) to identify the location of Heavily Modified Water Bodies (HMWB) and Artificial Water Bodies (AWB) and provide a measure of the hydromorphological pressures on each water body. .

      After collection of existing data available from the Beneficiary and stakeholders, and subsequent fieldwork for collection of additional data, the GIS database will be set up in the Water Directorate. RBMPs GIS will provide a specific water management sector benefits through:

      • Use of common information products, tools and services
      • Organization of data in well-structured and tailored-made spatial feature sets
      • Enabling data acquisition from various data sources and their integration
      • Standardization with national and international water information systems and exchanging data, primarily with Danube GIS, Sava GIS but also information systems in the region within bilateral/multilateral transboundary river basin cooperation)
      • Definition and implementation of RBM-related data repository user interface tailored for the specific requirements of water management sector and which will eliminate multi-data entry issues
      • Interoperability by respecting WFD CIS and Reporting guidance 2016 and INSPIRE data specifications
      • Introduction of standardised web technology components for inter-connecting information systems, database and people outside water management sector
      • Improvement of data management processes through dedicated user administration tools/interface.
    • Activity 1.2: Assessment of environmental impacts of human activity and identification of heavily modified and artificial waters
      This activity is composed of two sub-activities:

      • Assessment of ecological status of water bodies,
      • Hydromorphological assessment to determine water bodies at risk

      Assessment of ecological status of water bodies

      In order to define the impact of point and diffuse sources on surface water bodies, a Rapid Biological Assessment (RBA) method/index based on analysis of benthic macroinvertebrate communities (macrozoobenthos) will be established for the needs of each River Basin. This will be the first attempt to make initial steps in ecological status/potential assessment based on analyses of benthic macroinvertebrates communities in running waters (rivers) in Montenegro. The adapted method for Rapid Biological Assessment will be used for risk assessment of rivers in compliance with the requirements of WFD.

      The RBA method ensures the following provisions:

      • Cost-effective, scientifically valid procedures for biological surveys, risk assessment and integrated monitoring & assessment in compliance with WFD principles;
      • Provisions for multiple site investigations in a field season (June - November);
      • Quick turn-around of results for management decisions; and
      • Monitoring and survey reports easily translated to decision-makers/water managers and the public.
      In adopting or developing a rapid assessment method for use in River Basin monitoring and assessment programs, the following four considerations are important:

      1. The method can be used to measure ecological status or risk assessment (benthic macroinvertebrate communities) based on the principles of WFD 2000/60/EC. Ecological status can be defined as the ability of a system to support and maintain a balanced integrated, adaptive community of macroinvertebrates having a taxonomic composition (diversity), abundance and functional organization comparable to the natural reference conditions of the surface water type.
      2. The method should be rapid and cost-effective. A rapid method must be able to provide an accurate assessment of condition in a relatively short time period. For this reason, we define “rapid” as taking no more than two people, 40 minutes - one hour field work per sampling site, 5-8 sampling site per working day (depends on the travelling distances), and requiring no more than 30 minutes of office preparation and data analysis.
      3. The method must be an on-site assessment. All the calculations/scoring and the ecological status assessment as a whole should be preliminary provided in the field. An accurate evaluation using a rapid method requires an in situ procedure to ensure that the assessment captures the current ecological conditions of the river water body and does not infer condition based solely on laboratory/office breakdown or the potential of a river to perform certain ecological functions.
      4. The method can be verified. Verification may be achieved based on information gathered through empirical studies using anthropogenic pressure data and results from more intensive integrated monitoring and assessment including deviations of biological type-specific reference conditions and benchmark conditions. In this way, the assumptions behind the assessment can be tested using intercalibration procedures and QC/QA mechanisms.
      For the purposes of the RBA procedure, benthic macroinvertebrates are divided into five arbitrary ‘Indicator Groups’ as follows: Group A (the sensitive forms), Group B (the less sensitive forms), Group C (the tolerant forms), Group D (the very tolerant forms), and Group E (the most tolerant forms).

      Biological material for examination is obtained by sampling in the shallower, faster-flowing areas (e.g. riffles) and the assessment of ecological status is made on site. Having determined the relative proportions of the various organisms in the sample, ecological status is inferred by a comparison of this data with that which might be expected from reference conditions of the river type under investigation. Other relevant factors such as the intensity of algal and/or weed development, water turbidity, bottom siltation, substratum type, current speed (velocity), water depth, DO saturation, electrical conductivity and pH, are also taken into account in the assessment procedure.

      Hydromorphological assessment to determine water bodies at risk

      Hydromorphological quality elements and pressures in each water category of the river basin will be assessed in order to determine the ecological status/ecological potential according to Annex V of the WFD and identify Heavily Modified Water Bodies (HMWB) /Artificial Water Bodies (AWB).

      (i) Hydromorphological quality elements

      For rivers, this will involve assessment of the following elements:

      • Hydrological regime (quantity and dynamics of water flow; connection to groundwater bodies)
      • River continuity
      • Morphological conditions (depth and width variation; river bed structure and substrate; structure of riparian zone)

      For lakes, the following hydromorphological elements are important for classification of ecological status:

      • Hydrological regime (quantity and dynamics of water flow; connection to groundwater bodies; residence time)
      • Morphological conditions (depth variation; bed structure and substrate; structure of lake shore)

      For transitional (inter-tidal) and coastal waters, the following hydromorphological elements are important for classification of ecological status:

      • Hydrological regime (Tidal regime, freshwater flow (transitional waters only), direction of dominant currents (coastal water only), wave exposure)
      • Morphological conditions (depth variation; bed structure and substrate; structure of the intertidal zone)

      (ii) Assessment of Pressures

      Hydromorphological pressures in each river basin will be assessed in rivers using the following criteria:

      • Interruption of river and habitat continuity (migration barriers)
      • Disconnection of adjacent wetlands/floodplain
      • Hydrological alterations that provoke changes in the quantity and conditions of flow, which includes impoundment (alteration/reduction in flow velocity), water abstraction (alteration in quantity of discharge/flow in the river) and hydropeaking (alteration of flow dynamics/discharge pattern in the river)
      Assessment of river morphology will be conducted using EN 15843:2010 Guidance. This will involve a 5-class assessment with up to 16 parameters in total undertaken as either a single or contiguous survey. The 5-class assessment includes analysis of the following:

      • The riverbed (channel geometry, long and cross-sections, presence of artificial materials, management of vegetation and large debris)
      • The character of deposition and erosion (sand gravel extraction)
      • The bank and riparian zone (structure and vegetation type)
      • Floodplains (non-natural land use, dikes, impoundments or drainage), and
      • Flow (artificial in-channel structures, obstructions, dams, impoundments, water intakes, water diversions)
      The assessment will provide the identification of both HMWBs and AWBs water bodies and determine the degree of risk from hydromorphological alterations expressed as near neutral, slightly modified, moderately modified, extensively modified or severely modified.

      The information determined by both the biological and hydromorphological assessments will be combined with the delineated surface water bodies (Activity 1.1) to provide the location for the prioritisation for monitoring activities (Task 2).
    • Activity 1.3: Establishing a register of protected areas
      The EU legislation takes into consideration the following types of Protected Areas: (i) Drinking Water Protected Areas, (ii) Bathing Waters (iii) Nitrate Vulnerable Zones (agriculture source), (iv) Nutrient Sensitive Areas (urban source) (v) Natura 2000 Protected Areas (water dependent under habitat and Birds Directives) (vi) Protected Areas designated as economically significant aquatic species.

      In order to have an overall perspective on the issues related to the designation and mapping of Protected Areas as per WFD requirements, the logic of presentation of this section of the RBMPs will be as follows:

      • An historical overview of Protected Areas to show how the concept of Protected Areas emerged and what are the main definitions and categories that are recognised worldwide.
      • The main international nature conventions, their main purposes and the importance of their implementation in Montenegro.
      • The legislation and institutional settings as well as the data that can be used for designation and mapping of Protected Areas.
      • Protected areas to be designated in each river basin, which will include: Drinking water protected areas, Bathing waters, Nitrate vulnerable zones (agricultural sources), Nutrient sensitive areas (urban sources), Natura 2000 Protected Areas (water dependent SACs & SPAs), Natura 2000 designated under the Birds Directive and Protected Areas designated as economically significant aquatic species (freshwater fish and shellfish waters)
      • The various lists of what could be considered as officially designated Protected Areas under WFD as well as elements of context and future evolution regarding the status of these Protected Areas in Montenegro.
      • The mapping of the officially designated Protected and the remaining gaps in the process and necessary steps to process.
      • The on-going process of designation of Protected Areas, the objectives, surveys and monitoring which are necessary to implement WFD requirements related to Protected Areas.
      • Finally, in the conclusion a road map and the next steps in designation and mapping of Protected Areas will be proposed.
    • Activity 1.4: Economic analysis of water use
      The purpose of the economic study is to make use of existing data to provide an initial overview of the economic benefits and costs associated with the utilization of water resources in the River Basin District and to estimate the future trends of the water demand.

      The initial economic characterization for the River Basin will include:

      • Analysis of economic importance of water uses
      • Trends in water demand
      • Assessment of current level of cost recovery for water services.
      Emphasis will be placed on characterizing a broad range of water uses, including domestic, agricultural and industrial. In addition to and in the context of this initial overview, this study will also provide a planning framework for implementation of the WFD, one that integrates the remaining economic analysis requirements that are not met in this initial characterization.

      Economic analysis is a key part of the implementation of the WFD. The Directive itself only provides a broad overview of the required economic analysis. This is a requirement of Article 5 of the WFD, “Characteristics of the river basin district, review of the environmental impact of human activity and economic analysis of water use of the WFD”, which states that each Member State shall ensure that for each river basin district or for the portion of an international river basin district falling within its territory:

      • An analysis of its characteristics,
      • A review of the impact of human activity on the status of surface waters and on groundwater, and,
      • An economic analysis of water use is undertaken according to the technical specifications set out in Annexes II and III and that it is completed at the latest four years after the date of entry into force of this Directive.”
      • Article 9 of the WFD relates to the recovery of costs for water services, whereby Member States shall take account of the principle of recovery of the costs of water services, including environmental and resource costs, having regard to the economic analysis conducted according to Annex III, and in accordance in particular with the polluter pays principle.
      • It is required that Member States shall ensure that:
      • Water-pricing policies provide adequate incentives for users to use water resources efficiently, and thereby contribute to the environmental objectives of this Directive,
      • An adequate contribution of the different water uses, disaggregated into at least industry, households and agriculture, to the recovery of the costs of water services, based on the economic analysis conducted according to Annex III and taking account of the polluter pays principle.”
      • In order to implement the above requirements of the WFD, two Guidance documents were issued by EU and were taken into account in this report
      • Guidance Document No 1: Economics and the Environment – The Implementation Challenge of the Water Framework Directive, Produced by Working Group 2.6 – WATECO
      • Assessment of Environmental and Resource Costs in the Water Framework Directive, Information sheet prepared by Drafting Group ECO2, Common Implementation Strategy, Working Group 2B
      In keeping with the objectives set in the WFD and more specifically in the guidance documents mentioned above this activity will provide:

      • Estimates of the economic impacts and values associated with the major uses of water resources at the RBD levels, where “uses” include the abstractive uses associated with the agricultural, industrial, and domestic sectors;
      • Projections of water demand, estimates that will serve in part as the baseline for future assessments of potential programmes of measures under various impacts and pressures scenarios; and
      • An identification of the current levels of water services costs and costs recovery in the RBD, where “costs” include the expenditures for the provision of water services as defined in the WFD, such that: “Water services’ means all services which provide, for households, public institutions or any economic activity; Abstraction, impoundment, storage, treatment and distribution of surface water or groundwater; Waste-water collection and treatment facilities which subsequently discharge into surface water.”

      The economic analysis will examine the economic impacts of water use of domestic sector and selected key water using subsectors of the agricultural and industrial sectors and other water-using categories. The key water-using subsectors are defined as those in which water-using activities are critical due to the volume of water used.

      This section of the RBMPs will be laid out as follows:

      • Introductory section on the basis for economic analysis of water use.
      • Water use and impact, which will include abstractions and non-abstractive use of water.
      • The value of water, which will include domestic, agricultural, industrial, commercial and institutional use of water
      • Trend projections, which will include demographic projections, water consumption trends, water loses and total water demands in the river basins
      • Cost recovery of water services, which includes identified water services in the river basin, water and wastewater service providers and water users
      • Financial costs of the water services, which includes the environmental and resource costs, the cost recovery mechanism, tariffs for water and wastewater services, the rate of cost recovery, cost recovery for financial and economic costs
  • Task 2: Upgrade of water monitoring system in accordance with WFD
    This task is composed of 3 distinct activities:

    • Preparation study for improving of water monitoring in accordance with WFD, including a revision of existing sites, proposal for new sites for surface waters, ground waters, as well as laboratory equipment for chemical and biological monitoring
    • Revision of the current status of the software and hardware solutions and proposal for its upgrade
    • Revision and finalisation of technical specification of the monitoring equipment

    Preparation study for improving of water monitoring in accordance with WFD

    The objective of monitoring is to establish a coherent and comprehensive overview of water status within each River Basin District and must permit the classification of all surface water bodies into one of five classes and groundwater into one of two classes.

    Article 8 of the Directive establishes the requirement for the monitoring of surface water status, groundwater status and protected area. Monitoring programmes are required to establish a coherent and comprehensive overview of water status within each river basin district.

    The following must be reported in the River Basin Management Plans: maps of the monitoring networks, maps of water status, an indication on the maps of the bodies of groundwater which are subject to a significant upward trend in concentration of pollutants and an indication of the bodies of groundwater in which such trends have been reversed and estimates of the confidence and precision attained by the monitoring systems.

    For surface waters, three types of monitoring are described in Annex V of the WFD: surveillance, operational and investigative monitoring. For groundwater a water level monitoring network is required which will provide a reliable assessment of the quantitative status of all groundwater bodies or groups of bodies including an assessment of the available groundwater resource. In terms of groundwater chemical status, surveillance and operational monitoring are required. An additional objective of groundwater surveillance and operational monitoring is to provide information that can be used in the assessment and in establishing the presence of long-term trends in pollutant concentrations.

    Surveillance monitoring data should also be used to assess long-term trends in natural conditions. These types are to be supplemented by monitoring programmes required for Protected Areas registered under Article 6 of the WFD. Annex V of the WFD only describes requirements for Drinking Water Protected Areas in surface water and for Protected Areas for habitats and species.

    In order to revise the existing monitoring sites and also to propose new sites for surface waters and ground waters in each River Basin, it is imperative that both the location of point source impacts and the current ecological and chemical status of the water body are known. Furthermore, the ecological potential of HMWBs and AWBs and/or their resultant pressure on the water bodies is also required in order to determine prioritization of monitoring stations. To this end, Task 1, Activity 1.1 will define the range of water bodies, while Task 1, Activity 1.2 will subsequently determine the current ecological status and hydromorphological pressures on the water bodies. With this information, it is then possible to construct a prioritization for surface water and groundwater monitoring stations and a recording/coding system.

    Revision of the current status of the software and hardware solutions and proposal for its upgrade

    It was originally the Consultants’ understanding that beneficiary institutions (IHMS and WD) have some already installed and licenses software’s and that some equipment will be supplied through the World Bank’s GEF-SCCF Drina River Basin Management Project. HMI require support in updating the licenses for ArcGIS and WISKI. DBase will be updated through IPA Floods project and it will deliver flooded areas and hazard maps.

    The Consultant will perform the analyses of the current system and coordinate with other donor’s and IFI currently ongoing in Montenegro in order to avoid overlapping. The output of this activity will be study for software and hardware improvement of equipment.

    Revision and finalisation of technical specification of the monitoring equipment

    The Contractor will revise all technical specification of current monitoring equipment and propose specification for procurement of new equipment. This task will be undertaken with close coordination and contribution from the experts from the IHMS.
  • Task 3: Hydrogeological Investigations
    It is proposed to gradually create a new Groundwater Monitoring Network in which majority of observation points should be new drilled boreholes with installed piezometers and automatic registration of groundwater quantity and quality parameters. However, the locations of these boreholes cannot be determined without prior comprehensive hydrogeological investigations and direct consultations with beneficiary of this project (MARD). In addition to, depth and construction of these boreholes require appropriate design and supervision.

    The part of required additional hydrogeological investigations will be performed by the Consultant, while in accordance with Montenegro’s legislation, a company licensed for geological survey and drilling will oversee drilling and testing of boreholes.

    The required investigation includes six groups of activities, which will be conducted over a 13 month period from March 2018 to April 2019:

    1. Field reconnaissance investigation and existing data evaluation
    2. Preparation of Project Concept Note
    3. Project preparation and approval
    4. Drilling and testing of boreholes
    5. Supervision of drilling and testing
    6. Completion Report
  • Task 4: Development of Adriatic and Danube River Basin Management Plans and Program of Measures
    The Consultant will provide a river basin planning process for each river basin district. The first output of this process in going to be the initial river basin management plans.

    Task 1 and Task 2 above detail the primary requirements for the RBMP. Task 3 provides the requirement for the remainder of the RBMP in relation to environmental quality objectives (EQOs), the Programme of Measures (POMs), public information/consultation and required contact information.

    Environmental Quality Objectives

    The environmental objectives are defined in Article 4 of the WFD. The aim is long-term sustainable water management based on a high level of protection of the aquatic environment. Article 4(1) defines the WFD general objective to be achieved in all surface and groundwater bodies, i.e. good status, and introduces the principle of preventing any further deterioration of status. There are a number of exemptions to the general objectives that allow for an extension of deadlines beyond the target date, less stringent objectives, a temporary deterioration, or deterioration for the implementation of new projects, provided a set of conditions are fulfilled.

    One of the Environmental Objectives of the WFD is to achieve good water status in surface waters and groundwater. The aim is to obtain information on the targets set for the achievement of good ecological and chemical status in surface waters, and good quantitative and chemical status of groundwater, and for subsequent 6-yearly RBMP cycles. This information may be presented in many different ways in their RBMPs. Commonly it is by numbers or percentages of water bodies in each status classification (ecological, chemical, groundwater quantity, groundwater quality).

    In limited cases, it could be expected that information is presented as a proportion of total lengths/areas of water bodies in each class, or there may be examples where ecological status is expressed in terms of the classification according to the biological quality elements only. And it may be that numbers or percentages are only presented in an aggregated way for overall status, not divided per chemical/ecological or per quantitative/chemical.

    Exemptions are applied to those water bodies that are expected not to meet the targets for achievement of good status. These may also be reported in different ways including in terms of number and percentages of water bodies to which they apply. Status targets and exemptions may also be reported for each water category and/or in terms of surface waters and ground waters.

    Programme of Measures

    According to the WFD, the Programme of Measures (POMs) should include basic and supplementary measures. Basic measures are the minimum requirements to be complied with and consist of those measures required to implement Community legislation for the protection of water primarily related to a number of directives and to some other basic measures. Supplementary measures are those measures designed and implemented in addition to the basic measures, with the aim of achieving the objectives established. Additional measures can be applied to fulfil the objectives for protected areas (habitat, drinking water, shellfish etc.). The PoMs will cover the specific measures targeted towards agriculture, hydromorphology, chemical pollution, groundwater and protected areas.
  • Task 5: Strategic Environmental Assessment for the River Basin Management Plans
    Following the identification of the POMs in relation to agriculture, chemical pollution, groundwater, hydromorphological pressures, and Protected Areas, the Consultant will develop Strategic Environmental Assessment and subsequently organize public consultation in accordance with requirements of EU legislation and national law.

    The SEA procedure will be carried out in the procedure for preparation of specific plans or programs that may have significant impacts on the environment prior to their enactment or submission to the competent authority for adoption.

    The SEA Report will contain data describing and assessing the potential significant impacts on the environment that could be caused by the implementation of specific aspects of the POMs or alternatives that are considered taking into account the objectives and geographical scope or plans or programmes. In addition, the SEA Report will contain the following data:

    • Short outline of the contents and main objectives of the River Basin Management Plans and their relation with other plans and programmes
    • Description of the existing environmental status and its possible development in case that the River Basin Management Plans are not realized
    • Identification of areas likely to be exposed to significant risk and characteristics of the environment in such areas
    • The existing environment-related problems in connection with the River Basin Management Plans, including in particular those relating to areas of special significance for the environment, such as wildlife habitats from the aspect of their conservation, in particular protected areas, national parks or coastal zone
    • General and specific objectives of environmental protection set either at the national or at the international level that are of relevance and ways in which these objectives as well as all other aspects of relevance for the environment shall be taken into consideration in the preparation process
    • Potential significant impacts on public health and the environment, including factors such as biological diversity, population, fauna, flora, land, water, air, climatic aspects, material resources, cultural heritage, including architectural and archaeological heritage, landscape and relations between these factors
    • Measures envisaged to prevent, mitigate or eliminate, to the highest extent possible, any significant negative impacts on the environment that can be caused by the implementation of the plan or programme
    • Outline of reasons used as the basis for selection of alternatives that have been taken into account and the description of methods of assessment, including potential difficulties that have occurred during the formulation of the required data (such as technical data or absence of know- how),
    • Outline of potential significant transboundary impacts on the environment
    • Description of the environmental status monitoring programmes, including human health, during the implementation of the plan and programme (monitoring);
    • Conclusions that have been reached during the elaboration of the SEA Report presented in the way understandable to public.
    The competent authority responsible for preparation of the SEA shall inform the public and the public concerned about the methods and deadlines for public inspection into the contents of the SEA Report and method of submission of opinions, as well as about the time and venue of public debate holding.

    Public debate cannot be held sooner than 30 days from the date of announcement to the public and the public concerned. The competent authority responsible for preparation of plans and programmes will be tasked with compiling the report on participation of authorities and organizations concerned and about the public debate.
  • Task 6: Establishment of a database for storing data related to River Basin Management Planning
    This activity is composed of three sub-activities:

    Assessment of existing data, databases, collaborating information systems and needs
    • Preliminary assessment and analysis of the results;
    • Creation of the conceptual design of RBMPs Geographical Information System (GIS)

    Design, development and implementation of RBMPs GIS as first phase in establishment of Water Resource Information Management System (WRIMS)
    • Methodology workshops with the beneficiary
    • Specification of the information management requirements
    • Detail design of RBMPs GIS
    • Logical database model
    • Physical database model
    • Development of application for data/information management
    • Deployment and integration with other national/international information systems including evaluation testing
    • Preparation of the technical and system documentation
    • Preparation of the user documentation
    • Final delivery of RBMPs GIS.

    Preparation of the Strategy and Action plan for continuation of WRIMS development
    • Definition of the strategic goals and objectives
    • Estimation of needed resources
    • Prioritisation of the actions
    • Preparing WRIMS Strategy and Action plan
    • Drafting ToR for the priority action
    Technical description and functionalities of RBMPs geodatabase

    Establishment of RBMPs involves development of comprehensive and consistent database for storing and sharing data/information across water sector institutions/departments and for supporting various processes and operations related to water management and planning. The standardised and unified data infrastructure is essential for future work of the water management institutions and its departments,
    The RBMP geodatabase relies on the development and up keeping of the adequate structure for data governance through which the needs of the water sector can be met in an integrated and coordinated manner. Important to this is establishing standards that ensure the interoperability and integration of data and other information resources used to support individual project, organisational, departmental, or water management sector initiatives.

    Based on the RBMPs geodata model, the specific applications (information, analysis and editing tools) will allow user to access to the necessary data and information as well as will enables efficient handling and support to essential operational tasks arising from water policy and legislation.

    The RBMPs geodatabase will include (but is not limited) the following main thematic datasets:

    • Surface waters
    • Groundwater
    • Water structures
    • Protected areas
    • Monitoring

    Technical description and functionalities of RBMPs GIS application for data management

    A web application RBMPs GIS Editor will allow data entry and management to authorized users using a web browser without need for installing an additional plug-ins or software at client side. RBMPs GIS Editor application will integrate web and GIS functionalities within map-based environment. For GIS, the ArcGIS Server 10.3 or higher will be used.

    The application will ensure multilingualism in terms of displaying the titles, alias for forms and values from the catalogue (domain).

    The RBMPs GIS Editor will include the following software, modules and tools:

    • Module for viewing initial entry, updating and data validation
    • Module for consolidation, processing and analysis
    • Tools for viewing and data exchange (export/import/)(Excel and Shape File)
    • Tools for tracking historical data access and changes in the database
    • Module for receiving data from the database (spatial and non-spatial data)
    • Tools for visualization and reports creation
    • Viewing of spatial data in the form of a map with basic tools (GIS browser)
    • Viewing of the data in the form of pre-defined reports
    • Module for database and users’ management
    • The RBMPs GIS will ensure the following functionalities
    • Protected and hierarchically organized access to data
    • Interface for administration of users
    • Unlimited number of simultaneous users
    • Multilingual interfaces and domains
    • Data storage directly in the central WIS Geodatabase
    • Forms for data input with selectable standard values
    • Standard forms for data printing
    • Forms for data search
    • Forms for predefined analysis – statistics
    • Basic data visualization tools (Base-maps, Table of Content, Identify tool, Pan, Zoom, Selection, Display of Coordinates, Graphical Scale)
    • Download of spatial and alphanumeric data directly from the central WIS Geodatabase in real time
    • Use of spatial data from WIS without conversion and additional processing
    • Spatial and alphanumeric search of the content
    • Development of a cartographic display with the accompanying legend, depending on the selected content
    • Printing and generating image view of cartographic processing
    • Responsive Web Design

  • Task 7: Trainings
    In the course of the assignment, the Consultant will organize transfer and exchange of knowledge. The aim is one solely of capacity building, i.e. to strengthen the stakeholder’s skills and expertise on river basin management.

    In line with the ToR, this Task is sub-divided into 3 activities:

    • Training on using of geodatabase model and on populating the model with data
    • Training on River Basin management regarding to the development of RBMPs and final training on approach for next analysis of River Basin Management Plans
    • Training of administrative staff on writing reports

    Training on using of geodatabase model and on populating the model with data

    After RBMPs GIS will be implemented and operational, the Consultant will conduct training courses to teach users how to manage (create, change, retrieve, export, retrieve and delete) attributes of spatial dataset (layers), contained in geodatabase by using dedicated RBMPs applications.

    Upon completion of the courses, participant will have a clear understanding on the application workflow and working with content of WIS GDB, layers and its attributes. The course will combine lectures and hands-on exercises (i.e. working at computers with practical applications) and encourages dialogues and interactions among Participants and Lecturer.

    Themes and content of courses related to RBMPs GIS will be provided as follows:

    Theme 1: Overview of the basic functionalities of RBMPs GIS and geodatabase
    • Topics: RBMPs GIS Editor basic functionalities;
    • Learning objectives: General description of application solution; Application usage (Web responsive design); Setup application (language); User rights (roles and users); Application organization and content; Navigation and logout.

    Theme 2: Working with maps
    • Topics: Map content; Map tools (widgets).
    • Learning objectives: Functionalities of map tools; Defining of map content; Spatial data identifying and selecting; Connections between spatial data and attribute tables; Source for map definition (web service).

    Theme 3: Working with modules (thematic entities)
    • Topics: Organization of thematic entities; Data organization concept and relations.
    • Learning objectives: How to access specific data; Filtering and selecting data; Data creating/editing/viewing/deleting; Make relations between data tables; Using tools for storing and viewing related documents.

    Theme 4: Populating geodatabase with data - Creating new records, editing and deleting
    • Topics: Data collection and pre-processing; Data processing workflow.
    • Learning objectives: User management (user rights – roles); Distribution of work (separately work on spatial and tabular data); Workflow scenarios; General principles of data creating/editing/viewing/deleting; Specific needs in thematic entities; Way to access to specific data (direct and over spatial data); Details of thematic entities.

    Theme 5: Exporting Data
    • Topics: Exporting data from RBMPs database. Learning objectives; Exporting data using application tools (spatial and tabular data).
    • Learning objectives: Exporting data using application tools (spatial and tabular data

    Theme 6: User Management
    • Topics: Roles; Users
    • Learning objectives: Using of User management tools; Defining roles and users; Editing and locking users; Log files

    Training on River Basin management regarding to the development of RBMPs and final training on approach for next analysis of River Basin Management Plans

    In order to define the exact needs of the stakeholders, the Consultant will undertake a capacity and training needs assessment, which will serve a duel purpose; namely to identify the main issues, tasks, responsibilities and capacity requirements of each institution for the implementation of water legislation, whilst also to identifying short and longer term training requirements.

    In order to successfully undertake the key responsibilities and tasks prescribed in the Law on Water, which is focused on future implementation in line with the WFD, the present capacities of each institution involved in water-related management will be determined by prioritisation against the following criteria:

    Importance for the future implementation of the EU WFD and the development, coordination and implementation of RBMPs; Urgency in terms of the capacity development; Requirement for training for enhancement of specific skills in line with tasks specified in the WFD.

    Core training themes that will be conducted during the course of the project are as follows:

    Theme 1: Characterisation of Water Bodies
    • Topics: Analysis of the impact of pressures; Risk categories; Surface water risk assessments; Groundwater risk assessments; Other risk assessments

    Theme 2: Monitoring
    • Topics: Monitoring requirements for WFD Directive; What water bodies should be monitored; Risk, precession and confidence; Surveillance monitoring of surface waters; Operational monitoring of surface waters; Investigative monitoring; Frequency of monitoring; Monitoring protected areas; Water quality elements; Design of groundwater monitoring programmes; Best practice for surface and groundwater monitoring

    Theme 3: Identification of Protected Areas
    • Topics: Requirements of the Directive; Areas designated for the abstraction of water for human consumption; Areas designated for the protection of economically significant aquatic species; Bodies of water designated as recreational waters, including areas designated as Bathing Waters; Nutrient sensitive areas, including areas identified as Nitrate Vulnerable Zones under the Nitrates Directive or areas designated as sensitive under Urban Waste Water Treatment Directive; Areas designated for the protection of habitats or species where the maintenance or improvement of the status of water is an important factor in their protection including Relevant NATURA 2000 sites; Types and location of protected areas

    Theme 4: Economic Analysis of Water Use
    • Topics: Estimation of water use benefits; Economic impact assessments; Water use valuations; Estimation of water services costs; Estimation of costs and costs recovery of water services; Estimation of environmental/resource costs; Projections of demand, supply & costs of water services

    Theme 5: Establishing Environmental Objectives for Water Management
    • Topics: Groundwater objectives; Surface water objectives: What standards and objectives apply to protected areas; Are there circumstance where alternative environmental objectives apply; Reasons for extended deadlines or less stringent objectives; Temporary deterioration in the status of surface water bodies

    Theme 6: Understanding and Identifying Pressure and Impacts
    • Topics: WFD requirements in relation to pressures and impacts; Key terms; General approach for the analysis of pressures and impacts; Identifying driving forces and pressures; Identifying significant pressures; Assessing the impacts; Evaluating the risk of following the objectives; Conceptual model approach; Recommendations on reporting on the pressure and impact analysis; Tools to assist the analysis of pressures and impacts; Information needs and data sources; Examples of current EU practice relevant to pressures and impacts analysis

    Training of administrative staff on writing reports

    The training of administrative staff on writing reports will be in compliance with the reporting requirements of the WFD, as specified in Articles 3 and 15 in order to enable the staff to provide information to the European Commission on the identification of River Basin Districts and Competent Authorities, as well as information on the analysis carried out in accordance with Article 5, monitoring programmes and River Basin Management Plans.

    Theme 1: Reporting requirements under the WFD
    • Topics: The analysis carried out according to Article 5; Monitoring programmes; River Basin Management Plan; Development of Reporting Guidance
    • Learning objectives: clear understanding of reporting within the WFD, aims of the reports, understanding reporting obligations with regard to the pressures and impacts, a common format of reporting, how to provide a transparent overview of the analysis and results to communicate with government, stakeholders and the public.

    Theme 2: Reporting requirements for River Basin Management Planning and use of the information provided by the Commission
    • Topics: Reporting requirements for geographically referenced information; Reporting requirements for surface water bodies; Reporting requirements for groundwater bodies; Reporting requirements for pressures, impacts and programmes of measures; Reporting requirements for economic data
    • Learning objectives: enable participants to collect and present the data

    Theme 3: How to report
    • Topics: What is WISE; Reporting into WISE
    • Learning objective: transfer of knowledge on practical skills and use of tools on reporting.

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